Born: New York City, United States of America
Medical education: New York University
Achievements: Pioneer in anaesthesiology and pain management.
Invented patient-controlled analgesia (PCA).
Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Director of Anesthesiology and of the Pain Therapy Centre at the Maimonides Medical Centre in Brooklyn
One of the first western physicians to incorporate Eastern medicine, and worked to legitimise acupuncture.
Interesting facts: He was a Major in the US Army Air Force Medical Corps during the Second World War